Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog Breed

About Canaan Dog

Life Span
Getting a puppy home


The Canaan Dog is a lean, bushy-tailed dog standing 19 to 24 at the shoulder. The coat is straight and stiff, and comes in various colors and patterns. Perfect, expressive ears and dark almond eyes convey a curious expression. Canaan walks in a sharp, natural moat. They are rugged, nimble and distinctly relentless, making them a good fit for pedestrians and runners.

Canaan is shrewd, confident and regional. Those “”owners”” would end up being passive owners, who do not establish themselves as top dogs in the family pack. Early training and socialization are prominent. When positive methods are applied, these ancient wonder-dogs are beautifully trained. Agility, obedience, herring tests, and sentry duty are some of the outlets for his work ethic.

Canaan Dog Breed


The Canaan Dogs are named for the region that is today Israel, Lebanon, and parts of the border countries. For the Israelites of biblical times, herds and herds were at the heart of daily existence. Livestock was kept for food, leather, and wool, but also for use in sacrificial rituals that had been in place for centuries. Many references to sheep and shepherds in Christian, Hebrew, and Muslim scriptures point to the centrality of pastoral life to ancient Semal cultures.

The artifacts dating back some 4,000 years look like dog inscriptions, which look very much like canons, but when the breed was developed is one of those canine milestones that disappeared in history’s rearview mirror Have become. We can assume that for thousands of years these dogs were shepherds’ helpers whose tasks included shepherding, felling, and guarding.

The important point of the known history of the breed occurred in the year 70. It was then that the Romans, after decades of their uneasy occupation of Judea, destroyed Jerusalem and drove the Israelites throughout the Middle East and the Mediterranean basin. With their owners gone and their flocks scattered, the Canaan Dogs took refuge in the Negev Desert, where they survived and, for the most part, survived unquestionably until the 20th century.

During the years that laid the foundation for the state of Israel, sentry dogs were required to patrol in isolated ghettos and train as K-9s for the fleeing Israeli army. Dr. Rudolfina Menzel, an Austrian gynecologist living in Palestine, proposed the semi-wild dogs of the desert on the assumption that only the fittest could survive such a harsh existence. So began the redevelopment of the Canaan dog.

Desert dogs proved to be luminous and highly trained, and they were soon earning their fodder in the form of sentries, messengers, service dogs, and minefields. After World War II, Menzel began breeding and training Canaan’s Peacock Pursuit as guide dogs for the blind.

A breed that had been dependent on itself for nearly 2,000 years, Canaan dogs still retained the self-sufficiency of untouched desert dogs from changing fashion since Abraham first led herds to the land of Canaan.

General Appearance

The Canaan dog, the national dog of Israel, is a herd and herd sentry dog ​​originating in the land of Canaan. The Canaan dog is a pariah dog type that is naturally alert, inquisitive and attentive. He is unfaithful to strangers and unfamiliar environments, yet loyal and loving with his family. A square dog of medium size, moderate and balanced without any extremes. The moderately captivated Canaan Dog runs in a skilled, ground-covering endurance trot with athletic agility and grace. She has a wedge-shaped head with low-set erect ears, a high-set brush tail that confidently curls at the back, and a straight, rigid, flat-lying double coat. There is a clear distinction between the sexes.

Canaan Dog Breed


This breed is apartment friendly, requires minimum grooming and has low drooling tendency.


This breed is not very intelligent, is prone to allergies and not dog or cat friendly.
Canaan Dog Breed


The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.


Canaan tend to stay clean and normally require less bathing than other active breeds. They have a double coat, consisting of a rigid, flat outer coat and a soft undercoat. They will have a shedding season at least once a year – constant brushing during this time will remove loose hair and help the dog look its best. Nails should be trimmed regularly if they do not wear down naturally, as long nails can cause discomfort and structural problems.


Surprisingly sensitive, affectionate and responsive, Canaan Dog makes a devoted family companion. They are highly intelligent and easily trained. Although dogs adapt to most climates and living conditions, their natural drive for self-preservation and a well-developed sense of territory make them distrustful of strange people, strange dogs, and new environments; Early socialization and puppy training classes are a must. This is a process that should begin with the breeder and continue with the new owner and help ensure a well-operated and well-adjusted dog at home and in public. Training sessions should always be positive; Rigorous training methods will have a negative impact on the sensitive nature of Canaan.


Canons require moderate amounts of exercise and can adapt well to various living conditions during daily walks. Training for dog sports provides an ideal outlet for their energy. The breed practices mind and body by participating in obedience, tracking, herring, agility, nose work, karting, ability testing, and other activities that dogs and owners can enjoy together.


Canaan Dog should perform well on high quality dog ​​food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.


The Canaan dog is generally healthy and consists of a small group of dedicated breeders who communicate regularly with each other and work together for the betterment of the breed. As with all breeds, a Canaan Dog’s ears should be regularly checked for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed frequently using toothpaste designed for dogs.

Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club:

  • Hip evaluation
  • Elbow evaluation
  • Thyroid evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist evaluation
  • Patella rating
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