Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed

About Xoloitzcuintli

Life Span
Getting a puppy home


Xoloitzcuintli (show-low-eats-queen-tele) comes in three sizes: toy, miniature and standard, and two varieties: null and coated. Hair has a hard, smooth, close-fitting skin without it. The coated variety is covered with a short, flat coat. Both varieties come in dark colors ranging from black, brown-black and slate to red, liver or bronze. The face is thoughtful and intelligent, and a Xolo will have wrinkles on his forehead when he is deep in thought. The beautiful, beautiful body of the Xolo is surprisingly strong and rugged.

Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed


Xoloitzcuintles are national treasures in Mexico, which have a history of at least 3,000 years. Mention of these “weird-haired dogs” appears in the journals of Columbus and other European explorers. The ancient Aztec named the breed for its dog-headed god Xolotl. The Zolos were considered sacred by the Aztecs and often sacrificed and buried with their owners to serve as protective guides for the next world. In modern times, Xolos are dedicated sentinels and companions.

General Appearance

Xolo is an ancient, natural breed, molded by evolution rather than selective breeding. A Zolo is moderate in all aspects of type and structure, never extreme or overdue. Today the breed acts as a protector and companion. The Xolo has a clean, beautiful outline, combining elegance and strength evenly. There are two varieties, hairless and coated, similar except coat and teeth. In the bald variety, the dominant feature is the total or almost complete absence of hair. The coated variety is covered with a short, flat coat. In structure, all three shapes are lean, strong, well muscular and medium bone with a huge rib-cage. The outline of the zolo is rectangular, and the distance from the elbow to the ground is equal to or slightly greater than the distance from the shoulders to the elbow. The typical Xolo temperament is calm, calm, isolated and attentive.

Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed


This breed is apartment firendly, they barely shed and require minimal grooming


This breed is not very bright, they are not apartment friendly and are stubborn
Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed


The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’


Coated Xolos have an easy-to-care short coat, which only requires occasional brushing. Adult dogs require minimal grooming, while younger dogs may suffer from juvenile acne when the skin may require special care. Apart from regular weekly grooming, occasional bathing will keep them clean and give their best. Nails should be pruned regularly, as extremely long nails can cause trouble to the dog. Hairless dogs need sunscreen with long exposure to direct sunlight.


Xolos needs a consistent training regime and clearly defined boundaries. Early socialization and puppy training classes are important and help ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted, well-behaved companion. The Xolos take their watchman’s work seriously but are judicious barkers who speak only when they have something to say. They are cheerful, affectionate pets with their loved ones. If you have allergies but have long since been a dog owner, consider your short list of childless Zolo breeds.


Xolos love long walks and spirited sports, but they are famously quiet around the house. However, adequate amounts of exercise and structured playtime are needed to keep young dogs health, happy and out of trouble.


Xoloitzcuintli should perform well on high quality dog ​​food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Contact your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.


Xolos are generally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders will examine their stock for health concerns such as hip dysplasia, patellar laxation, and eye disorders. As with all breeds, Zolo’s ears should be regularly checked for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed frequently using toothpaste designed for dogs. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help the dog ensure a longer, healthier life.

Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club:

  • Hip evaluation (standard)
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation (Small, Standard and Toy)
  • Cardiac examination (miniature, standard and toy)
  • Patella evaluation (miniature and toy)
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