English Mastiff

English Mastiff Dog Breed

About English Mastiff

Life Span
Getting a puppy home


Unspeakable, face-to-face encounters with these black masked giants can be shocking. A male stands at least 30 on the shoulder and can outlast many full-grown males. The rectangular body is deep and broadly fleshy, covered by a short double coat of fawn, apricot or brindle stripes. The head is wide and huge, and a wrinkled forehead is a warning, kindly expression. Mastiffs are patient, loving companions and guardians who undergo the best training. The infinitely loyal Mastiffs are protecting the family, and a natural war of strangers makes the initial training and socialization necessary. Mastiffs are fantastic pets, but getting a powerful giant breed dog is a commitment that should not be taken lightly.

English Mastiff Dog Breed


In tracing the history of this great breed, we note the difference between mastiffs, with “”me,”” and mastiffs, the lower part of England’s traditional giant breed, sometimes called the Old English Mastiff. Can avoid confusion. Dogs known as Mastiffs have been known worldwide for thousands of years. Evidence from ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, China, and Tibet suggests that all the giant canine traces are classified as mustaches. The Tibetan Mastiff and the Destination Mastiff are examples of these ancient breeds, which are endowed to this day.

The British Mastiff type, the AKC breed we know as Mastiff, is a similar ancient breed. When Julius Caesar led the invasion of Britain in 55 BCE, he was impressed by the mastiffs who helped defend the island against their giants and noted it in their expedition journal. The British Mastiff was brought back to Rome to battle wild animals and human gladiators in the arena.

Mastiff as we know it came into focus in medieval England, used as big game hunters, night guard of estates, and war dogs. In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer calls them “”allants”” (the name of a French breed) and states that they were “”as great as any steer / to hunt lions or deer.”” The Mastiffs fought against the French in 1415 in a battle of fire with the French, later immortalized by Shakespeare.

At the end of World War II, England emerged victorious, but was defeated. It was estimated that only 14 mastiffs survived across the country. The Mastiff population was reconstructed with the help of American breeders, who exported samples from good British stock to the mother country. Today’s Mastiff is more humble and friendly than its ancient forebears, but no less courageous.

General Appearance

The Mastiff is a large, huge, symmetrical dog with a well-knit frame. The imprint is one of grandeur and dignity. Dogs are more widespread. Bits should not be faulted for being somewhat smaller in all dimensions while maintaining a proportionately powerful structure. A good evaluation considers the positive qualities of type and sound with equal weight.

English Mastiff Dog Breed


This breed is generally healthy, does not require a lot of grooming and are great watchdogs


They are prone to allergies, have the tendency to smell bad and drool a lot
English Mastiff Dog Breed


The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.


Mastiffs don’t require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is required, but a dog’s shearing by a professional groomer is not necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infection. Mastiffs are a great choice if you don’t have the time, skills or money to care for a high-maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.


Mastiffs are fairly easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you are consistent in teaching new commands they will definitely follow them.


Tied to be the custodians of the “stove and house”, the Mastiff has comparatively low exercise requirements and can live happily in an apartment. They benefit physically and mentally from free play and daily walks – one or two miles to the adult mastiff. However, owners should be careful not to overtake growing puppies and young adults: do not allow them to walk up and down stairs, jump from heights, or go hiking. Start with more than half of the blocks for a puppy of 2- to 3 months old. Additionally, Mastiffs are notorious for being downed during a walk when they are tired or hot. Therefore, a rule of thumb is that you cannot take them further because you can take them back!


For fast-growing giant breeds such as mastiffs, proper nutrition through the pup is important and up to 2 years of age. Slow and steady growth is optimal. If a dense calorie-rich diet lacks the appropriate calcium / phosphorus ratio, mastiff puppies and young adults are at risk of having skeletal disorders. Most breed experts recommend that the puppy begin on the manufacture of an adult dog food that does not contain a protein percentage greater than 26 percent, and a phosphorus ratio of calcium to about 1: 2. To avoid excess weight gain, it is advisable to feed scheduled meals, rather than free meals.


The Mastiff Club of America (MCOA) provides in-depth information on breed health. Responsible breeders screened their stocks for health conditions such as seasonal allergies, eye anomalies, heart disease, cancer, eye and hip debility, von Willebrand disease, degenerative myelopathy, and epilepsy. Hygromas — harmless natural “cushions” that protect elbow joints when the mastiff is lying on hard surfaces – are common. Do not allow the vet to remove them. Finally, mastiffs may experience bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach suddenly worsens and often twists as well. Owners should educate themselves on what symptoms it is showing and what it should be.

Need help ?