Canadian Eskimo Dog

Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed

About Canadian Eskimo Dog

Life Span
Getting a puppy home


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a breed of sled dog working in the far north of Canada. This ancient breed is famous for its ability to survive and work in the most difficult and challenging environments on the planet. As of the late 1950s, the breed is now considered one of the rarest dog breeds in the world, and is on the verge of total extinction. The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a very close relative of the Greenland Dog, although the latter breed is considered less pure. Despite the similarity in names, the Canadian Eskimo Dog and the American Eskimo Dog are not closely related, nor are they particularly similar. The Canadian Eskimo Dog is also known as Groenlandshund, Eskimo Dog, Eskimo Husky, Eskimooks Dog, Esquimex Husky, Canadian Inuit Dog, Inuit Dog, Inuit Husky, Inuit Sledge Dog, Kimmit and Kimmyk.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is actually an ancient breed, and is possibly the oldest breed in North America, along with Alaska Mulmute and Carolina Dog. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was developed thousands of years ago by people who did not have a written language. This means that very few are known to be sure of their lineage, and that what is said is far less than conjecture and speculation. It is clear that this breed was developed in the most parts of what is now Canada and Alaska and was mainly kept by Thuel Peeple and his descendant Inuit. The Inuit were once known as the Esquimax or Eskimo, a condition at the time when the Canadian Eskimo Dog was named. However, those terms are now considered ancient and somewhat invasive.At one point, it was believed that dogs were domesticated several times throughout history and Native Americans domesticated their dogs from the North American Wolf or possibly Red Wolf or Coyotes. Recent genetic evidence confirms that all dogs around the world are descended primarily from a much smaller group of individual wolves (Canis lupus), who lived somewhere in Asia, India, Tibet, the Middle East, or China. Dogs were domesticated thousands of years before any other species, at a time when permanent settlements did not exist. At first the dogs were wolf-like and accompanied by nomadic bands of hunter-gatherers, serving as hunting aides, camp patrons, sources of food and skins and companions. Direct descendants of the small, short-haired, brown-gray wolves of southern Asia, these early dogs were probably similar to the Australian dingo and the New Guinea Singing Dog. Dogs proved to be extremely valuable to early humans and also exceptionally friendly. Dogs quickly spread around the world, eventually coming to habitat everywhere that humans did with the exceptions of some remote islands. Some dogs spread to the north of what is now Siberia, where they encountered very different climates compared to India and Tibet. The cold winters of the region quickly kill animals suited to the tropical climate. This problem was solved by crossing the domestic dog with larger, longer-blurred and more aggressive northern wolves. These mating was possible because all dogs and all wolves belong to the same species and can be freely interbreed.The result of these northern wolf / domestic dog crosses was a new type of dog, known in the West as the Spitz. Spitz-type dogs became very prevalent in East Asia and Siberia and currently remain the most common dogs in the region. Spitzen became the lord of survival in the coldest climate found on Earth, equipped with long, thick hair, deep senses, and excellent instincts. The Spitzone proved to be extremely essential for life in the Far North, helping its masters find food, defend themselves from predators, and travel across vast stretches of snow and ice. Spitzen became so essential that it is widely believed that human existence was impossible without them in most of the Arctic before the 20th century. At the time when Spitzen first developed, the Earth was colder at the time. Polar ice caps had a large amount of water trapped, meaning that the beaches were significantly different than in modern times. At various points, the Bering Strait, which separates Alaska from Russia, was much smaller than it is today, and was completely absent for a long time, except in Asia and North America. However, there is a huge amount of controversy when Siberian hunter-gatherers migrated from Asia to North America sometime between 7,000 and 25,000 years ago, using either their legs or primitive camps. These mysterious colonists accompanied their dogs, which were of course Spitzen. Archaeological and historical evidence in Alaska and the Canadian Arctic is very difficult, so it is impossible to say much about the area or the early history of its dogs. The evidence which has been compiled suggests that the people known as Dorset dated to about 1000 a. Shortly before 1000 A.D, a new culture known as Thule now appeared in coastal Alaska. Thul path of life proved to be extremely successful for this region. The Thule people migrated entirely to Canada and Greenland, almost completely replacing Dorset in the process. Thule people used sled dogs to travel and transport their belongings across vast expanses of snow and ice. It is unclear how Thule developed this technique and dogs used to do it. Technology and / or dogs could have been developed by Thule himself, obtained from other Native American people, or brought from Siberia. No matter how they were developed.

Thule’s dogs became direct ancestors of modern day Greenland and the Canadian Eskimo Dog. Due to the overall lack of evidence, it is impossible to say when the Canadian Eskimo Dog was first developed. Some claim that the breed is essentially unchanged from earlier Spitzen, which would place the breed’s origins between 14,000 and 35,000 years ago, while others claim it was first developed by Thule 1,000 years ago. Virtually every date between the two extremes is possible and claimed, however.

Whenever the Canadian Eskimo Dog was developed, it became an essential feature of Inuit life. The breed named Qimmiq, as the Inuit, was not considered a member of the animal kingdom, but as a unique tool and occupation of man. This breed was necessary for the Inuit, who probably would not have survived the harsh landscape without it. The primary purpose of the Canadian Eskimo Dog was to pull the sleds. These slips carried the Inuit and all their possessions from one place to another and were the only means of transportation except walking. The dog herd allowed the Inuit to travel greater distances, as well as enabling them to reach places they might not otherwise have been able to. The Canadian Eskimo Dog also served as a camp protector, cautioning the Inuit from the point of view of predators such as polar bears and wolves. Some tribes used the Canadian Eskimo Dog to help them hunt. Dogs were used to track and attack organisms such as seals and polar bears, for which the breed is called innate hatred. Most people have worked with the breed note that it is exceptionally aggressive towards polar bears and seems to really enjoy hunting them. Canadian Eskimo Dogs consumed a diet similar to their Inuit masters, a diet that consisted almost entirely of meat.

The Canadian Eskimo Dog remained significantly more wolf-like than most modern breeds. Part of this is because the wolf in the Arctic is so well adapted to life that some changes to its form were necessary. Another reason is that only the strongest and the fiercest breed members were able to survive environmental pressures, which usually meant resembling the most wolves. Many claim that the presence of the breed is the result of recent and repeated crosses for the wolf. Recent genetic evidence has suggested that this breed is not closely related to the wolf, and has probably not been extensively crossed with it (although such crosses have almost certainly occurred throughout history). The study of the behavior of interactions between the Canadian Eskimo Dog and the Wolf also suggests that such crosses are not very likely. Canadian Eskimo Dogs and Wolves have very strong mutual dislike for each other. Bounded Canadian Eskimo Dogs routinely kill them and release the body, and the Canadian Eskimo Dog is actually terrified whenever a wolf is present.

Because of the breed’s endurance, speed and power, as well as its incredible ability to survive the coldest climate on Earth, the Canadian Eskimo Dog was a very popular choice with Arctic and Antarctic explorers. The breed has made several trips to both poles, and has been particularly supported by American, Canadian, and British explorers who had easy access to the breed. Unlike other sled dog breeds that became popular pets with acclaimed fame with polar explorers, the Canadian Eskimo Dog was never popularized with the general public. These campaigns at least made the breed familiar to the outside world, and by the late 1920s both the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) had given the breed full recognition.

General Appearance

  • Solid white.
  • With white colored markings. Scars can be either red, buff, cinnamon, gray, or black. These markings can be found especially on the ears, on the eyes, or in small patches on the body or in some combination of the three.
  • Side-color. White and another color appear to be about 50–50 divided on the body. Accepted colors are red, buff, cinnamon, gray, and black.
  • Red, Buff or Cinnamon with white markings on the chest, abdomen, and / or legs.
  • Sable, black or dark brown with white markings on the chest, abdomen, legs and / or collar.
  • Silver Gray or Brown White.
  • Buff or brown with black guard hairs.
  • Dogs whose heads are mostly colored often have a white shaded mask above the muzzle and / or eyes, and often also have white spots on the eyes. Tricolor marks sometimes appear on the faces of two otherwise colored dogs. Sometimes a Canadian Eskimo Dog is born with an alternate color such as solid black or solid brown. Such dogs should be disqualified in the show ring and should not be banned, but can make acceptable dogs and companions as acceptable as members of any other breed.
Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed


This breed makes for great watchdogs, they are low droolers and handle alone time very well


They are prone to health issues and allergies and are not apartment friendly
Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed


The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.


It is a very low-maintenance breed that should never require professional grooming. Ideally, members of the breed should receive a weekly brushing and a daily brushing for most of the year when the dog is blowing its coat. The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a very heavy shed. This is a dog that will shed a great deal throughout the year, covering carpet, furniture and clothes with hair. Twice a year when the seasons change, this breed essentially changes its entire coat. During this period, the breed becomes an incredibly intense shader that essentially leaves a visible scar of hair on the move.


As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.


This breed is classified as “”somewhat active””, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.


They should perform well on high-quality dog ​​food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, freshwater must be available at all times.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is considered a healthy breed. Only members of the absolute strongest and deserving breed in the Arctic can survive, and even mild health defects were quickly eliminated by natural selection. However, the breed has a small population and is therefore considered to be at high risk for genetically inherited conditions. Breeders of these dogs are currently making every effort to maintain the breed as good health as possible.

This dog was reared well to withstand below freezing temperatures. This breed is incredibly well adapted to life in cold climates. It also means that it is well adapted to incredibly hot climates. This breed is very sensitive to heat. Canadian Eskimo dogs develop and die from rapid heat stroke in temperatures that would be completely safe, uncomfortable for most breeds. Owners should be very careful with this dog when the temperature rises, and their external active should be carefully monitored.

The Canadian Eskimo Dog has different dietary requirements than most breeds. Most modern breeds are accustomed to consuming dog food, which is mainly made up of grains and vegetables. The Canadian Eskimo Dog comes from an environment that has almost no edible plants, so the breed never developed the ability to digest them. This breed requires a diet that is based on meat. Most owners prefer to feed homemade food to their dogs, although some high-quality commercial dog foods have also proved to be acceptable if some meat is provided with them.

Although skeletal and visual problems are not thought of in this breed at high rates it is advisable for owners to keep their pets by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) Do the test. OFA and CERF perform genetic and other tests before identifying potential health defects. It is particularly valuable in detecting conditions that do not appear until the dog has reached an advanced age, it is especially important for anyone considering breeding their dog , Which has tested them to prevent the spread of potential genetic conditions to their offspring.

Even though health studies have not been done on the Canadian Eskimo Dog, they have been for similar and closely related breeds. The biggest problems discovered include:

  • hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Bloat / gastric torsion
  • Access
  • Extraversion
  • cataracts
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Progressive retinal atrophy / PRA
  • heat intolerance
  • Heat stroke
  • Inability to digest plant material
  • Inability to digest commercial dog foods
  • Arthritis
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